|1884||Geikie gave a series of five lectures on “The origin of the scenery of the British Isles”. The family spent summer in Newquay, Cornwall.|
|1885||Attended the 3rd International Geological Congress in Berlin. A short paper by Archibald Geikie on “The Geological Survey of Belgium” was published in the journal Nature. Also a paper on the origin of coral reefs appeared this year.|
Geikie was invited to Oxford and gave an address on the influence which the geological features of Britain have had on the races that have settled in these Islands. The Geikie family moved to Harrow for their son’s schooling. The paper “The life and letters of Charles Darwin” appeared in “Contemorary Review”.
Another educational book was published in the same year entitled “The Teaching of geography, suggestions regarding principles and methods for the use of Teachers”. and was part of Macmillan's Geographical Series.
|1888||He gave the results of a study relating to the British Tertiary volcanic history to the Royal Society of Edinburgh. This work would be formally published later. The family wintered on the Italian Rivera and then Florence. Geikie attended the 4th International Geological Congress in London. He met Charles Doolittle Walcott during an evening reception at the Congress hosted by Geikie on Wednesday the 19th September.|
Inspection duties in the field covered many areas including England, Ireland and Scotland. He travelled to Florence and Rome, Italy. Geikie also visited Norway briefly in July for additional geological research. He was elected Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society and was awarded for the second time the Makdougall-Brisbane medal. Geikie received a number of diplomas of honorary memberships of foreign academies.
He brought together a collection of geological specimens to illustrate the fundamental principals of geology in the Butler Museum, at Harrow School. A special 86-page handbook with woodcuts was produced to accompany the collection, and was printed in June.
At the beginning of this year the Geological Society informed Geikie that the Presidency of that Society would be offered to him. The major paper, The history of volcanic action during the Teriary period in the British Isles made its appearence in “Transaction of the Royal Society Edinburgh”. Geikie became President of the Geological Society on the 21st of February.
He visited Western Ireland. He had several interviews with Sir William Thompson, later Lord Kelvin about the future Presidency of the Royal Society.
Knighthood awarded to Geikie by Queen Victoria on 30th July at Osborne, Isle of Wight. He travelled to Paris for the Centenary of the Institute de France. The revision of the geology of the South Wales Coalfield began.
A paper dealing with volcanoes appeared this year, “History of volcanic action in the British Isles” was published in the “Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London”.
The Anniversary of the Geological Society took place in February at Burlington House, London. A new mineral species geikielite is named after Sir Archibald Geikie. The family moved to Chester Terrace, Regent’s Park in October. Geikie’s wife and their daughters spent the winter in Paris, while he would stay at the Athenaeum Club in London.
On January 5th, the science journal Nature published an essay by the French geologist Albert Auguste de Lapparent, as a contribution to its series "Scientific Worthies". The subject was the scientific work of Archibald Geikie, it was an eulogistic account of his labours.
On the 29th June Geikie joined the Board of Governors of Harrow School. His son Roderick became Head of School this year. Geikie chaired the meeting of the British Association at Nottingham 15th September. The subject was contributions to discussion on "The limits between geology and physical geography". He published five papers this year on various aspects of geology.
|1894||Geikie attended the 6th International Geological Congress in Zurich, Switzerland. Time allowed for fieldwork inspections in the southern and midland counties of England and the Southern Uplands of Scotland.|
|1895||Survey duties took Geikie to western Scotland and Geikie seized the opportunity to climbed Ben Nevis and spent the night of 14th June at the Observatory. During a yachting cruise of the Island of Jura, he examined the raised beaches there. He also visited the St. Kilda archipelago. Geikie was awarded the Geological Society’s Wollaston Medal – the society’s highest award.|
|1896||His cherished friend Joseph Prestwich died on 23rd June. Due to increased work at the Survey headquarters, Geikie spent most of his time in London with only occasional visits to Scotland.|
He made a second visit to the USA and gave a course of six lectures to inaugurate the Williams Lecturship at John Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. This was the basis of his later book “The Founders of Geology” published in the summer. This book reveals his extensive knowedge of classical and modern literature.
He toured in southern Russia, Turkey, Greece and Italy. Attended the 7th International Geological Congress. Geikie’s monumental two-volume magnum opus “The ancient volcanoes of Great Britain” was published.
|1899||The immortal book “Theory of the Earth” by the Scottish Geologist James Hutton was published in 1795 in two volumes, but a third volume was never published. Geikie eventually found the missing manuscript and appealed to the Geological Society for it to be published. The proposal was accepted and Geikie edited the work. It was issued in February. Geikie was in attendance at the 8th International Geological Congress.|
|1900||Geikie published the obituary of the Duke of Argyll in the science journal “Nature”. The geological memoir of the Geological Survey “The geology of central and western Fife and Kinross” was published in the same year. Two other papers appeared that year.
The Wharton Inquiry (named after the Member of Parliament the Right Honourable J.L. Wharton) was set up in this year to investigate the Geological Survey's activities. It met on 13 separate occasions, and submitted their report on 20th September that year.The paper “Notes on some specimens of rocks from the Antarctic regions” was published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.