Sir Archibald Geikie O.M. K.C.B.
Archibald Geikie was born in Edinburgh in 1835 the son of James Stewart Geikie, a musician and music critic to the Scotsman Newspaper. Archibald attended Black's Preparatory School for three years learning mainly English with minor science and then at the Royal High School focusing on Latin and Greek. He became an eminent Victorian geologist and at the peak of his career was both the President of the Royal Society and the Geological Society, the only geologist to have ever held that honour. He published over 200 scientific papers, survey memoirs, books and articles during his career and his research and lecture tours took him all over the world in an effort to promote geology to a wider audience. He received many academic honours and was awarded a knighthood in 1891, before retiring in 1901.
Several years later he moved to Haslemere and became the chairman of Haslemere Educational Museum. His significant collection relates to hundreds of correspondents, field notebooks, photographs, watercolours, personal ephemera and geological specimens.